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The Electoral College is the way in which American Presidential elections are decided. Each state, based on their total number of memers of Congress, and their two Senators, are delegated a certain number of votes in what's known as the Electoral College. In late December, after the last presidential election, the Electoral College formally meets in order to cast votes. Some states have laws mandating that "electors" vote based on the popular vote winner of their state. Other states still allow "electors" to vote based on their conscience. There have been court challenges surrounding the First Amendment issues of requiring individuals to vote in a certain way.

Two of the last three presidents were selected by the Electoral College in direct contradiction to the national populat vote. Many argue that the institution itself fundamentally undermines American democracy in that the vast majority of Americans ultimately have no role in deciding who holds the highest office in the land.